St. Winwaloe is the parish church of Poundstock, situated in a secluded dell by a small stream. Alongside stands it’s ancient Gildhouse, now a Grade 1 listed building, the best preserved example in Cornwall of a late medieval church house which has been in continuous use since it was built.

Timeline

Year

World Event

Local Event

1086

None

Poundstock was recorded as Pondestoch in the Domesday book held by the Count of Mortain. Land for 6 ploughs; 1 slave and 1 villager and 5 smallholders. Woodland, 10 acres; pastures, 40 acres. Value 20s (10 cattle; 50 sheep)
The name is Saxon and means ‘cattle enclosure’

1282

None

 The Archbishop of Canterbury came to Poundstock after the Rector of Morwenstow had seized the Church and installed his own man as incumbent. No sooner had he left then his candidate was evicted

1357

None

Assistant Curate, William Penfound was hacked to death before the altar by b

1387

Geoffrey Chaucer begins work on The Canterbury Tales

None

1431

Jeanne d’Arc burned as a witch at Rouen; Henry VI of England crowned king of France in Paris

None

1483

Richard III King of England (to 1485); Edward V and his brother (little princes ) are murdered in the Tower of London

None

1485

Battle of Bosworth Field Henry Tudor defeats and kills Richard III in the decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses. Takes throne as Henry VIIth

None

1509

Henry VIII becomes king

None

1517

The Protestant Reformation begins;

None

1532

House of Commons complains that feast days have become too numerous.

Henry VIII orders all feast days to be held in October, this was largely ignored

None

1534

Act of Supremacy : Henry VIII declared supreme head of the Church of England

None

1536

Dissolution of monasteries in England begins under the direction of Thomas Cromwell, completed in 1539. Act of Union – England Wales

None

fI. 1537

None

Assistant Curate William Woodwarde

1540 – 1500

None

 Poundstock Gildhouse built

1546

Henry VIII abolishes Religious Gilds and Charities

 

None

1547

None

Westcountry gentry prohibit church ales

1548

 Government of Edward VI prohibits all feast days and the veneration of saints

Church ales outlawed by Edward VI

1549

Edward VI’s Book of Common Prayer – written in English abolished the Latin mass

Outbreak of Cornish Prayer Book Rebellion. The rebellion was brutally suppressed with thousands killed. Simon Morton, Vicar of Poundstock was hung at the market house in Stratton on October 13th and buried on October 18th for high treason for supporting the old Catholic religion. The Gildhouse was probably still being built at this time

1550

Edward VI’s Book of Common Prayer – written in English abolished the Latin mass

Roger Harward appointed Vicar of Poundstock

1553

Mary I daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England (to 1558); Restoration of Roman Catholic bishops in England

Church Ales allowed again by Mary

1558

Elizabeth I daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, becomes Queen; Repeal of Catholic legislation in England

Church ales still tolerated

1579-83

Stubbes abuses “merrie making” calls to end ales and church holidays

Church ales still tolerated

1588

The Spanish Armada is defeated by the English fleet under Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir Francis Drake, and Sir John Hawkins

Penfound family noted as “among the chief gentry of the county”

1595

Strict rules governing church ales introduced in Devon

None

1598-1600

None

Vicar of Poundstock Peter Dennis

1599

None

In 1599 CHURCH ALES were declared unlawful at all times in Devon and in a Canon of 1603 they were prohibited everywhere.

1600

Elizabeth I grants charter to East India Company

Vicar of Poundstock, William Churton

1605

Gunpowder Plot ; Guy Fawkes and other Roman Catholic conspirators fail in attempt to blow up Parliament and James I

None

1611

James I’s authorized version (King James Version) of the Bible is completed

None

1618

James I gives explicit approval of church ales in his ‘Book of Sports’

None

1629

Famine in England

 

None

1633

Charles I reiterates royal approval of church ales and reissues ‘Book of Sports

None

1635-1637

None

Vicar of Poundstock, Robert Parr

1637-1640

None

Vicar of Poundstock, Philip Bisse

1638

None

Poundstock’s Royal Coat of Arms of Charles I which now hangs in the Gildhouse is commissioned.

1640-1646

None

Vicar of Poundstock, William Kemp

1642

Civil War breaks out

None

1643

House of Commons condemns church ales and orders bpublic burning of the ‘Book of Sports’

Charles I writes letter to the people of Cornwall to thank them for their support

1647-1652

None

Christopher Hill (Minister of Poundstock)

1649

Charles I is tried and executed ; The Commonwealth is established and lasts until 1660

Church Ales finally die away in the country due to Puritan pressure –

1652 -1658

None

William Greenaway (Minister of Poundstock)

1659 – 1663

None

Vicar of Poundstock John Rogers

1660

Parliament restores Charles II to throne

Church Revels re-permitted

1664

England siezes New Amsterdam from the Dutch, change name to New York

Vicar of Poundstock, Thomas Warner

1665

Great Plague in London

None

1666

Great Fire of London

None

1707

The Act of Union unites the kingdoms of England and Scotland and transfers the seat of Scottish Government to London

None

1718-1720

None

Vicar of Poundstock, Richard Dinham

1720-1748

None

Vicar of Poundstock, Gregory Bridgman

1723

Poor Law Act – Workhouses for commercial exploitation & to punish

Vicar of Poundstock, Gregory Bridgman

1724

None

Christopher Jolliffe of Poundstock, charged for non payment of Church rates

1731

None

Abraham Jewell of Poundstock, charged for non-payment of Church rates

1738

John and Charles Wesley start the Methodist movement in Britain

None

1758

None

First reference to Poundstock Gildhouse being used as a schoolhouse.
Wrestling and hurling, frolicking and drinking recorded at Cornish feast days

1766

None

First reference to Poundstock Gildhouse being used as a Poorhouse.

1769

James Watt patents the Steam Engine

None

1770-1803

None

Vicar of Poundstock, Thomas Trevethen

1789

Outbreak of the French Revolution

None

1799

None

About this time, the use of Church House as a school ends

1801

The first British Census is undertaken

Census : population 617

1803 – 1809

The first British Census is undertaken

Vicar of Poundstock, Charles Dayman

1805

Nelson destroys the French and Spanish fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar

None

1815

The defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo marks the end of the Napoleonic Wars

None

1821-23

Famine in Ireland

population 1821: 744

1825

The World’s first railway service , the Stockton and Darlington Railway opens. Trade Unions are legalized

None

1829

The Metropolitan Police Force is set up by Robert Peel.

None

1831

None

population: 727

1834

Parliament passes the Poor Law Act , establishing workhouses for the poor

None

1835-1841

None

Vicar of Poundstock, Henry McIntosh Crichlow

1837

Queen Victoria to the throne. Births, deaths and marriages must be registered by law

 

1838

None

Stable established on the ground floor of the Gildhouse

1840


The penny post is instituted

 

None

1841

The first British Census recording the names of the populace is undertaken.

Census : population 672

1844-45

Railways mania explodes across Britain .

None

1845-49

Irish Potato Famine kills more than a million people

1847, the last of the Penfounds dies in the poorhouse

1851

Workhouses introduced

None

1861

None

Population:534

1870

Primary education becomes compulsory in Britain

None

1871

None

Population: 515

1881

None

Population: 522

1881

None

Population: 522

1899-1902

Boer War in South Africa

None

1891

None

Population: 496

1901

None

Population: 434

1907

None

Poundstock Gildhouse restored and saved from ruin

1914

None

Poundstock Gildhouse restored and saved from ruin

1918

End of World War 1

None

1921

End of World War 1

None

1939

World War 2 starts

None

1940

27th May – 4 th June – Dunkirk Evacuation

None

1945

World War 2 ends

None

1951

None

Population: 698

1969

First moon landing – 20 th July

None

1989


Berlin Wall falls 9th November

None

2001

World Trade Centre Disaster September 11

Population: 805

2002

Euro currency introduced

None

2003

Space shuttle Columbia explodes
Iraq war starts

None

2004

Asian tsunami on Boxing Day

None

2004

Asian tsunami on Boxing Day

None

2005

Pakistan Earthquake

None

2006

Poundstock Gildhouse dendrochronology survey dates earliest timbers to 1543

Picture of Edward Prince of Wales in 1543

None

2007

None

March General project update, May Restoration of the Gildhouse begins

2008

None

Gildhouse restoration completed

2012

None

Poundstock Gildhouse recieves the prestigious Europa Nostra award for conservation